Shoulder replacement (total shoulder arthroplasty) is a surgery to replace the bones of the shoulder joint with artificial (prosthetic) joint parts. This procedure is typically
performed because of severe pain in the shoulder area that limits your ability to move your arm. Typical causes of this shoulder pain include osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, a
badly broken bone or badly damaged tissues in the shoulder or a poor result from another surgery.
For total shoulder replacement, the round end of the arm bone is be replaced with an artificial stem with a round metal head, and the socket of your shoulder blade will be
replaced with a smooth plastic lining. Sometimes only 1 of these 2 bones needs to be replaced, which is a procedure called a partial shoulder replacement.
After surgery, you may need to stay in the hospital for 1 to 3 days. While there, may need to receive physical therapy to help keep the muscles around you shoulder from becoming stiff.
Your physical therapist will teach you how to move your arm around by using your other arm to help. Your arm will need to be in a sling for 2 to 6 weeks with no active movement and 6 weeks
before strengthening begins. Total recovery typically takes between 4 to 6 months.
Follow any instructions on how to care for your shoulder at home, which will include activities you should not do. You will be given instructions on shoulder exercises to do at home.
Shoulder replacement surgery relieves pain and stiffness for most people, and allows you to resume your daily activities without a problem. May people are also able to return to sports such as
golf, swimming, bowling and others.